Bourgogne wines: Much more than just Chardonnay

Good morning good afternoon and good Evening everyone thank you for joining Our webinar celebrating chardonnay day In partnership with the borgone wine Board also known as bivbb this webinar Will be recorded and available to watch On our wsct global youtube channel Please let us know in the chat where You’re tuning in from also please add All questions to the q a tab For those of you not familiar with wset We have been around for 50 years we Offer wine spirits and sake Qualifications in order over 15 Languages globally i will add a link to The chat where you can find out more Information about our qualifications My name is kimberly dupley i’m the Marketing projects manager for our Americas region and i will be hosting This session this evening Your presenter today is andrea Pritzker Mw of borgone wine ambassador and Founder of wine intuition andrea is a Master of wine and is the founder of Wine intuition a wine education and Corporate events business in sydney A certified Wset educator she also works as an Independent wine consultant wine judge Writer and public speaker Born and raised in toronto canada She obtained a diploma in wine commerce

In bordeaux france before moving to Australia in 2003 Andrea’s diverse Career in the wine trade has expanded Spanned wholesale retail fine wine Auction digital marketing and buying she Became a master of wine in 2015. Andrea is australia’s burgundy wine Ambassador and its coordinator for the Master of wine education program in Australia she also is a current member Of council of the institute of masters Of wine over to you andrea Thanks so much kimberly and it’s great To see you all um coming on uh live from Various corners of the planet i am as Kimberly mentioned based here in sydney Australia it’s saturday morning and i’m Delighted to be uh talking to you for The next hour about chardonnay um i’ve Got a powerpoint presentation but i do Promise this won’t be death by Powerpoint uh as kimberly mentioned Please feel free to put in um questions Into The The chat box and kimberly will be Monitoring those and hopefully i can get To answer all of those towards The end of the presentation I’m just going to share my screen so Just bear with me here Put this up So tonight when and this morning we’re

Going to be talking about burgong wine And more than just chardonnay and Normally i would have my co-host uh Christian ogenfuss with me from napa um But unfortunately he’s unable to make This a webinar so you will have Me presenting christian slides as well We’re going to be covering quite a lot Over the next hour uh the history of Chardonnay chardonnay expression in Borgong and also be touching on Chardonnay in australia new zealand and Chardonnay in california and oregon as Well But starting uh with the origin of Chardonnay and as we know uh chardonnay Really is the undisputed queen of white Grape varieties and it originates in Borgong we’re going to explore not only Just the History of chardonnay but also its Genetic origins and the origins of its Name as well Chardonnay is actually a spontaneous Across between uh gouay blanc and pinot Noir and you might not be that familiar With gue blanc and that would be quite Normal because there’s not very much Grey blog in the world’s vineyards Anymore but it had a very important role To play as the parent of chardonnay And uh dna analysis from uc davis and From montpellier um have played Chardonnay as part of the nwarian family

Of grapes and there’s a whole group of Grapes That belong to that family and as i Mentioned this is a crossing uh between Uh gui blanc and pinot noir and um Really gooey blog was centered around The central part of france um and a Large area of borgong was part of that As well so There is very good historical evidence And dna evidence To suggest that this great variety was In place um Very very early on as was pinot noir and The two of them uh managed to uh Cross-pollinate So how did that happen well unlike what We have today um back Before pretty much the 19th century most Grapevines were planted um all full Which meant means that they were planted Sort of indispersed throughout the Vineyards not in the neat rows that we See today and the neat trellises and That gave rise to the possibility of Both pinot noir and great blanc Cross pollinating so They were situated next to each other in Various vineyards um in that part of France and they were trellised and they Had that opportunity to form the Crossing that we know today as Chardonnay In terms of how chardonnay became a

Little bit more widely spread throughout France this was really a process that Took place uh over many generations of Grapevines and was predominantly because Of this phenomenon called layering And we we can do this um process Uh in in our modern day but actually Layering was one of the main ways of Propagating grapevines uh prior to Phylloxera so if you actually have a Mother vine and you take um one of the [Music] Branches essentially a canes and bury it Into the ground and then have the tip Sticking up what you’ll find is that the Actual Cane will start to develop a root system Of its own And that root system Will be enough to make an independent Vine and allow that vine to flourish so Once it’s established you can then sever Off from the mother vine And you have an independent vine growing This is still Common in some parts of the world but It’s not common where there is a full Has been phylloxera and because Obviously we now need root stocks um That are Resistant to phylloxera so layering is Not a good option in most countries but It still is practiced in certain parts Of the world and this is really how

Chardonnay took hold in france so it’s Also called a provinage or marcottage so Plant layering In terms of the birthplace of chardonnay Again more research from Uc davis uh and dna analysis has really Established the northeast of france as Being the primary Area where chardonnay was Found and its ancestral home so Since then of course it has traveled the Globe very widely and it is actually um The you know one of the most Well-traveled white grape varieties in The world Like many great varieties the actual Name the name of chardonnay that we Recognize today and the spelling that we Recognize today um is very very Different from when it first appeared in Text so the very first mention of um the Name Was dated from the 17th century In actually a document Originating from Rosh lavenues which is now in the mecca Um but then it really wasn’t until the 19th century that we really started to See the name chardonnay become a bit More standardized and you can see from This slide that we’ve got actually huge Number of synonyms and other names that The great was known as over those Centuries

It really wasn’t until the very Beginning of the 20th century that you See chardonnay uh formerly defined in Sultansburg seltonsburg Agricultural dictionary but also that we See um a more Consistent spelling of chardonnay and The spelling that we recognize today And really Chardonnay became one of the darling Grapes of the 20th century um it has This amazing capacity to be grown In a for a wide variety of climates and That is quite helpful In terms of its ability to make great Wine in many many places in the world A lot of people think that chardonnay is Named after the village of charney and There is a village of chardonnay uh in The macronee it is actually one of the 26 villages in the makine that can Append its name to mackel And so that is also one of the great um Theories that The chardonnay name came from but There’s also a few other possible Origins of the name Villa conon Cardonicum vila cordonicum is also um a Pointer towards the name of chardonnay This is an ancient Villa and there’s some very good Historical and archaeological evidence Uh that suggests that um this particular

Uh site um had its ord which is also in In the mackerel uh had its origins in Terms of um bringing chardonnay as name To um consciousness And uh it’s really been mentioned in the 10th century uh by uh seventh century In some documents and the actual name of Cardonacum means place of the wild Thistle so That’s where the wild thistles grow and That’s another plausible Theory as to where chardonnay got its Name from So how did it get from this ancient Villa To chardonnay that we know today Well we’ve got quite a lot of Historical evidence as i mentioned um Starting really with its um first Mention In the 10th century um a few more Mentions throughout the 13th and 14th Century Through until we have A very formal recognition of the Chardonnay grape Into the 17th century There’s also some tax records dating From the 1800s that mention Chardonnay Vines being grown These were tax records Which referred to that great ferrari and That exact spelling and then there’s

Also um Records from dr julio uh from 1868 and Mentions um chardonnay as well so Although we don’t have a full picture of How chardonnay’s name became [Music] Chardonnay and became known there’s many Different avenues that historians have Pursued um this is certainly true that The ancient and ancestral home of Chardonnay is of course foregone And chardonnay expression around the World well as i mentioned before Chardonnay can grow in such a wide Variety of climates and its expression Will really depend on the climate The micro climate The geology and of course the wine Making and all of that really adds up to Terroir so And this notion of site expression the Role of climate micro climate geology And wine making Contributing to this idea of terroir and This very very unique expression um Is very very important with chardonnay And no more Important than in borgon I think you can argue that orgoing has Chardonnay’s Most expressive region it really is and There’s also such a wide diversity of Expression within the borogong wine Region

And that’s partly because of the wide Variety of soils wide variety of Microclimates wide variety of terroir And no more is this Really evident than In chablis so chablis Being the most northerly wine region in France for still wine you find In burgowing in chablis what i think is The purest expression of chardonnay And for those of you who are less Familiar with chablis it has a very Singular aroma and flavor profile Because it’s such a cool climate you Tend to see chablis wines being a little Bit shyer On the nose perhaps not quite as Expressive as warmer climate chardonnay Wines But also a beautiful mineral acidity Wonderful precision a wonderful tension And aromas of lemon green apple and a Wonderful Nervy steely acidity line A lot of people who’ve perhaps been more Familiar with very broad richer More new world styles of chardonnay like We see in california or we see in Australia they wouldn’t necessarily Recognize shapley as being chardonnay Its expression is so different from what We often perceive chardonnay to be and Yet because of this wonderful terroir The kimurasian

Clay limestone that is in Chablis you see a Wonderful expression There is of course also a hierarchy of Quality in chablis and we have basically And chablis being in the village level You have premier crush tabli and you Also have the seven grand cru Clima as well so even within the one Greater region of chablis there is so Many different uh expressions and Expressions of quality as well Taking the other side of virgoing and Moving to the south and into the Macronee you have a really um Exceptionally A different expression of chardonnay we Are in a much warmer more moderate to Warm climate in the macronee it’s the Southernmost region of bergong And you have here Wines that are a little bit more a riper In their expression rounder a little bit More weight and mouthfeel often with Lovely ripe apple ripe stone fruit notes As i mentioned earlier in the Presentation the macronee is also the Home of the village of chardonnay it is One of the 26 villages that can append Its name To mackel and so you will see makon Chardonnay Being on a label of borgon wine Also in the macronee there’s a hierarchy

Of quality and expression as well and i Think that what’s most exciting is uh The new uh declaration of a premier Cruise uh for Fuse which was um just put in place Starting from the 2020 uh vintage so This is the first time that a premier Crew Has been Uh established a new one has been Established in burgong since 1943 so Really exciting for the producers of Police you say in a real recognition Of the singular terroir And uh and very unique uh clima In This part of um [Music] I should also mention that There is wonderful chardonnay being Produced to the north of the makunai in The coachella nes In places like rui And mercury And i think it’s really uh sometimes On behalf of many people we tend to kind Of skip over the coachella niz and yet This is a source of wonderful well-made Wines often Offering very good value And i think it’s one of the regions that Is really worthy of watching Over the next few years because the Quality in the region has gone from

Strength to strength in recent years If you’re familiar with chardonnay and You’re familiar with the great wines of We’re going and then the cote de bone Is really the heartland of fine wine and This is i would say The global reference point for top Quality Chardonnay-based wine Dakota bone is home to Burgong’s most famous Villages Places like merso Pulling And these particular Villages have become global reference Points for Everyone who adores the great wines of Chardonnay the great wines of burgoyne It’s the most prestigious region it has The most expressive Uh Nature of chardonnay even within each Individual village there are premier Crew and grand cru vineyard sites each Maybe only a few meters away yet Expressing completely different facets Of chardonnay and these are also some of The most Complex age-worthy And Beautifully elegant wines that are Produced in the world and that has Really helped put for going on the map

But also put chardonnay on the world map The hierarchy of quality uh is of course Um very important it is within burgoyne An expression of sight and expression of Terroir and you can see from this map Here there is a selection of grand cru In the cota bone premier cruise sites And a good number of village sites Alongside the regional um designation as Well But if you’re thinking of the great Wines of burgoyne and the cote d’ibou is Where you’ll find them Not all chardonnay is grown in borgog in Fact australia has the third largest Number of plantings after france and Usa So Where i’m based here in australia Chardonnay has been historically Incredibly important For The australian wine industry we have 21 442 hectares which is about just almost 53 000 acres Under vine and actually um chardonnay Dates from about 1830 so you do have a Very long history of chardonnay in the Region It’s australia’s number one most planted White grape variety and for a long time Particularly in the 1980s We exported here in australia in a huge Amount of chardonnay to both the uk and

The u.s markets and it was really Instrumental in making australian wine Quite famous on the global scene Most of our chardonnays back then were Quite big rich full-bodied sometimes Very heavily oaked And What we would probably describe now is Slightly over the top but that was Really the most fashionable style Back in the 1980s but chardonnay has Really transformed in australia and There’s a wide variety of styles being Produced from across The entire country Margaret river has fantastic reputation For chardonnay out in western australia They have a wonderful Mediterranean climate and they also have A quite a unique clone of chardonnay Called the jinjin clone which produces Wines with wonderful zesty tingling Acidity and some of those chardonnays Are exceptionally long-lived as well So they’ve got a very very high Reputation in australia for top quality Chardonnay Adelaide hills located just outside of City of adelaide in south australia Also a fantastic region for Top quality chardonnay it’s got a little Bit more elevation so you have some Diurnal variation difference between day And night time temperatures really

Helping To retain some acidity there The aero valley has a very long history Of growing chardonnay and they are Really making wonderful and very Expressive uh often single vineyard site Expressions or single block even Expressions of charde in the yarra Valley and I think that’s a very exciting region For this particular grape it’s very well Supported in the marketplace Here and the hunter valley in new south Wales just to the north of where i am in Sydney also in a really Excellent area a much warmer Subtropical climate so you tend to see a Richer fuller body style of chardonnay Being produced but it was also very Instrumental in getting the reputation Of australian chardonnay into the global Market [Music] Over the ditch as we say into new Zealand and uh chardonnay is also um a Wonderful grape for the new zealand Vineyards they have a much smaller Number of plantings just 3187 hectares or about 78 a hundred Acres under vine so much smaller Footprint compared to sauvignon blanc But they make a wide variety of styles Across both the north and the south Island and i think

New zealand chardonnay is one of the Most exciting Countries For for this great variety there’s a lot Of effort being put into the vineyards There’s been a lot of attention to Winemaking and we’re really starting to See Real interesting expressions across the Various regions There’s also quite a lot of chardonnay Being used for sparkling wine base Particularly um out of marlboro and That’s also true in australia we do use Chardonnay for sparkling wine base in The yarra valley and in the adelaide Hills and in tasmania as well Coming back to new zealand though There’s a wide range of styles um Starting in uh in and around auckland so Just to the north of auckland some Fantastic wines being produced there Hawke’s bay which is perhaps a bit more Famous a much warmer climate Has a slightly longer growing season and So you end up having beautiful Expressions of shadow with a little bit More weight and richness Martinborough right on the southern end Of the north island also a fantastic Area for growing top quality chardonnay And skipping over onto the south island You’re also spoiled for choice with Nelson right at the very top north area

Being an exceptional area for chardonnay As Is marlborough when they’re not growing Slovenian blunt They are very capable of making really Beautiful sometimes single vineyard Expressions of chardonnay and of course As i mentioned sparkling wine as well And we’re moving further to the south Into canterbury north canterbury and Some of the really fine wines of new Zealand in terms of chardonnay being Produced there wonderful climate very Elegant very refined styles and even Chardonnay being produced in central Otago New zealand’s only continental climate So it’s a wonderful great variety for Both australia and new zealand and a Huge diversity of styles in both Countries I think if you’re familiar with Chardonnay certainly if you’re based in The usa um california comes straight to Mine and even being here in australia California chardonnay has this image Because it has been The leader in terms of Global recognition for new world Chardonnay There’s a lot of chardonnay planted in California so 36 500 hectares A little over 90 000 acres and a huge Range of styles

Um across many of the regions so Monterey sonoma us and [Music] Mendocino and santa barbara of course When you look at the map Of california um central valley is Really you know Where a lot of the volume is being Produced a lot of that is quite warm Inland fruit which means that the Acidity is quite moderate and often These wines are made for earlier Drinking for everyday drinking and they May be you know quite ripe in their Fruit expression and in terms of wine Making they’re often relying on Oak alternatives like staves or chips As you move to santa barbara a range of Chardonnay styles from the sort of Reasonably cool climate slightly fresh Acidity um thanks to those beautiful Mountain ranges and the pacific ocean Influence and so you get that wonderful Sea breeze coming in And you also have slightly fuller bodied Styles sometimes even getting into the Tropical fruit spectrum With santa barbara chardonnay Sonoma coast as well really famous for Great chardonnay Relatively cool lots of again cool Mountain air coming in being funneled uh Through the mountains there and there’s A lot of high acidity a very refined

Elegant chardonnays being produced in Sonoma But if you’re in california and you love Chardonnay you’re spoiled for choice There’s so many different styles and a Wonderful Support for chardonnay in california And of course oregon as well so i was Lucky enough to be in oregon about five Years ago i was really impressed with The quality of chardonnay Coming out of oregon and although the Plantings of course are much much Smaller just 1039 Hectares or Just about 2500 acres it is oregon’s Third most planted grape and you still Have um quite a wide variety of Applications for chardonnay from Sparkling wine to still wine The willamette valley is still the king That is still the epicenter of the great Oregon Chardonnays i think from a quality point Of view you’re really starting to see A beautiful expression much higher Acidity it’s slightly more floral some Of those like slightly Just ripe stone fruit spectrum and Really focused precise linear wines that Have a lot of finesse so it’s a really Exciting Part of the usa for for chardonnay

Bringing back To Chardonnay’s ancestral home though That’s really Bore going and i think we can be quite Grateful to bore going for Not only having such a wonderful Diversity of styles within the region But by kind of setting the standard if You will um for other winemaking regions Around the world um that Allowed them to be inspired to plant Their own chardonnay grapes and to make Their own fine wines and burgoyne is Really not just about Chardonnay as a grape but really much More about a remarkable expression of Place and across the region from chablis To the macronee at the cote de bon Cochlean is you do see this remarkable Expression of sight of climate of Geology all combining to to form what we Know as a great terroir so On this sort of international chardonnay Day weekend i could say um i think we Can be very grateful to brogan for Having this as their ancestral grape and For chardonnay’s ability to thrive in so Many different climates around the world That’s it for my formal presentation But i’d be delighted to take questions That are coming through on the q a and The chat so i’ll just have a quick look Through that

I might stop sharing my presentation as Well So i’ve got one question about layering Is layering done for chardonnay vines Today the answer is yes but not in any Area where phylloxera is An issue so Um They do do some layering in places like China um and Parts of china uh Do lend themselves to having grapes Being grown in that Layering method but You cannot have grapes on their own or Rootstocks if you’re in an area that’s Prone to phylloxera Got some comments on canada’s chardonnay Contributions well yes you might have Picked up the canadian accent so i did Actually start my career in canada Southern canadian chardonnay um and i Was over there over the christmas period So i would say that um canadian Chardonnay is going from strength to Strength um there’s some fantastic Producers in southern ontario in the Niagara uh region there’s also excellent Producers coming out of quebec in nova Scotia and of course british columbia And i think chardonnay um is a really Good grape for canada Allows um A slightly cooler climate expression um

But also there’s enough of a growing Season in parts of canada that you can Still get them some of those sort of Beautiful stone fruit expressions and i Think our understanding as canadians of Chardonnay has come a long way and That’s probably true of many other wine Regions around the world Another question any lesser known Appellations in burgoyne that you would Recommend Um lots i am australia’s burgong wine Ambassadors so there’s many regions but I think um obviously uh the coach island Is um the wines of rudy the wines of Mercury uh well worth seeking out in Particular And of course the wines of the macaroni As well You don’t always have to pay top dollar To get a fantastic urban wine and in Fact sometimes even within the bergong Regional appellation if you know the Producer quite well and you can find Wines that are exemplary and i had one Of those um the other week which was Just a burgong regional and yet the Quality was very very high so Um it’s worth uh following your nose It’s worth um having a little bit Of a look at some of the lesser known Appellations in the coachella there’s And even perhaps in the coats of bone Places like central bound things doing

Really really well Without having to Pay top dollar for the really really Well-known names that are so famous like Marcel and pulini moroche Etc And a comment from melanie that Beaujolais blonde is delicious Absolutely Yeah that’s a real find and very good Value as well Another question Chardonnay thrive in warm climates and Are there any areas producing dessert Wine chardonnay varietals or blends that Capitalize on the acidity it’s great So chardonnay can be grown in warm Climates in fact a lot of our bulk Chardonnay here in australia is grown in England river arena and riverland and we Export that widely as does california in The central valley um and so it can Thrive it does tend to lose a little bit Of acidity in those warmer climates Um and so um that that’s something that Sometimes needs to be corrected in the Winery but um in terms of other Dessert wines yes actually surprisingly You can get um some benign botrytis in Chardonnay um and you do see that in Places like austria in stylemak they Will use um chardonnay to try to to make Dessert style wine so You can find yeah even sort of

Truck and burners laser wines from um From austria that have chardonnay as Part of the blend Uh Would you say there are big differences Between chardonnay from old versus new World Yes um Yes but also within the new world there Are big differences between new world Regions and of course as i mentioned in The presentation there’s an exceptional Amount of diversity and within the Bergong old world regions as well I think the main difference if you were Trying to look at two wines side by side Blind is that really the acidity in many Of the Classic wine regions of foregone is Quite striking and it’s quite unique It’s a bit of a signature of chardonnay Whereas i think For many of our new world regions Whether you’re in australia new zealand California chile argentina et cetera you Do see Perhaps not quite that same a unique Acid line but rather other more Expressive fruit coming through Perhaps a slightly riper expression of Fruit as well in many of those regions Any other questions i’m happy to Keep going questions if there’s any Any more often people there are now

Questions in the q a there’s five more If you want to back over Yeah thank you i’ve missed those Absolutely they came back Fantastic So question from kirsten what’s the Historical presence of oak with this Chardonnay grape um it’s gotten a bad Reputation of late and the trend is Moving the other way but in chablis and We’re going historically Really great question and oak is a funny One because it’s very very much about Fashion so Oak Has Kind of gone in and out of fashion Particularly over the last sort of 40 Years um in the 1980s oak was super in Fashion and using lots of new oak was Very um much the thought process and so That big rich toasty buttery uh Chardonnay that was super popular Made california chardonnay super popular Made australian chardonnay super popular Was Huge and in some ways they were Emulating the great wines of ergoing um Marseille and particular often had quite A bit of an over oak influence Um There has been a global trend you’re Quite right a move away from Really oaky lots of new oak chardonnay

Towards perhaps using larger oak And less new oak as well so overall less Influence That is Partly because of fashion partly because Of what consumers want a slightly more Restrained or less oaky Version of chardonnay In their individual markets it’s also a Little bit wine maker driven so Winemakers are thinking i don’t really Like seeing all of this oak artifact It’s also kind of commercially driven so There’s a lot of costings That you have to take into account when You’re buying oak and if you don’t have To spend as much on new oak Then you’ll actually save money perhaps Have better profitability for your wine So there’s lots of things driving The move away from oak In terms of what’s happened in chablis And in borgong Actually they used to use a fair bit of Oak and shabby i was very surprised and That was also back in the 1980s but Again it really didn’t suit um the style And the climate of those wines and so The vast majority of the large level Chablis these days Does not see any Oak or any new oak just maybe very very Old oak if they are going to use it at All and perhaps only using a very small

Percentage of Newer oak as you move up the quality Level particularly into sort of grand Cru I think there’s a an element of fashion At play we’ll see where the next 10 Years take us but I think the balance of chardonnay that We’re drinking at the moment is probably Quite optimal now that we’re we’re not Focused so much on hope Another question this one from michelle Can you speak about the flavor profiles From north to south in more detail is There more oak used in other areas of The world yeah so um flavor profiles for Going wine so chevrolet in the north you See that beautiful green apple lemon Zest steely wet stone minerality As you move down to through the coat of Bone you start to see a little bit more Of the Riper fruit ripe apple a red and green Apple A little bit of the stone fruit spectrum Particularly in the warmer vintages and Certainly by the time you get to the Macanei you were in much more riper Peach nectarine kind of aromas The oak use in bergong Will depend really much on the quality Level so they will use the most new work On the Grand cru whites that have the most

Concentration the most Complexity and the most capacity for Aging and they’ll use much much less if Any Uh as they move uh down the ladder in Quality um so the the regional uh Denominations sometimes have no oak or Very old oak so you do see this huge Diversity Uh another question about we’ve got a Question about climate change it’s a big Issue chardonnay is very versatile um How are viticulturists and winemakers Dealing with the ever-changing climatic Scene really great question climate Change Um is something that everyone around the World is facing uh in the wine growing Um world and chardonnay because it’s so Adaptable uh is a good great variety That’s got a little bit more future Proofing i think what we’re starting to See happen in the vineyards is a change Of uh either aspect if you can so Perhaps planting away from your most Exposed Facets so if you’re in the northern Hemisphere you might reconsider uh South-facing plantings if it’s getting a Bit too warm you might choose uh North-facing plantings even and the Reverse would be true here in australia Um also a little bit better Understanding of uh canopy management so

Shading uh making sure that the grapes Have just enough dappled light so they Can ripen without getting any sunburn um And then of course in the winery also And taking in vintage variation uh but i Think it’s something that all winemakers Around the world all viticulturists are Looking at very closely A question from lindsay about my Favorite Show today that’s like asking my Favorite child um i i actually drink a Wide variety of chardonnay i wish i Could say i have a favorite i do Uh drink quite a bit of chabli um so That that is something that i tend to Gravitate to here even in australia but I do love um a lot of our australian Chardonnays from margaret river from the Arrow valley from adelaide hills Um i also adore new zealand chardonnay From marlborough um and from Auckland as well north of auckland um so I it’s really hard sometimes i just Think i choose chardonnay based on how I’m Feeling and if i want something a bit More richness or something a little bit More restrained and elegant so i i tend To choose depending on my mood Uh Mexican chardonnay i have tried believe It or not a mexican chardonnay Here in australia there was one

Available so i was really surprised i Had to actually do quite a bit of Research Because i’m not very familiar with the Wines of mexico yet but It’s really exciting to see chardonnay Being grown so widely around the world And being enjoyed by so many people Around the world including obviously in Mexico Most surprising chardonnay a question From anderina um probably actually There’s a mutation of chardonnay called Chardonnay muskie which is grown in Southern ontario And that is a really beautiful mutation It’s got much more sort of grapey Muskety kinds of aromas it doesn’t even Really smell and taste like chardonnay As we expect And that’s a really beautiful expression Of chardonnay it’s also grown here in Australia and tasmania so if you get a Chance to try chardonnay miskay i Recommend that it’s a really completely Different expression very surprising Flavor profile of a beauje blanc um Quite restrained um quite Moderate in terms of intense intensity Good freshness Really good value and i think because Beaujolais is more of a red wine Producing Region with gamma

People are quite surprised to know that Actually if they do make white wine that White wine is a chardonnay-based and It’s a really nice crisp fresh Style that’s Uh got you know a good value price value Ratio attached to it as well A question from heidi uh what’s the Impact of climate change in chablis is The use of oak uh one way winemakers are Creating more balance in the wines Really great question um chablis of Course is seeing a lot of erratic Weather as many other wine regions are In burgoyne and around the world we’ve Seen a tremendous amount of frost Affecting vineyards in chablis and that Of course has had a really detrimental Impact on yield over the last few years And that’s not just of chadley but in Other parts of burgong as well Um In terms of uh the vintages some of the More recent vintages have been warmer And so you’re seeing less of that really Steely acidity A little bit more ripeness even in Places like chablis and yes that does Mean that they may have to adjust their Wine making including looking at Malolactic conversion and whether they Would do that in every single vintage Which has historically been the case in Chablis um some some years may not

Warrant that if if they are warmer years Another question do you believe grapes Like chardonnay can be grown properly in India absolutely I think there are some really Interesting places um in india for wine Growing you obviously have to have the Right climate probably A little bit more higher up elevated Because of the um Uh warmth in many parts of india but i Think there’s great promise for Chardonnay and other great varieties in India i look forward to seeing the Evolution of indian wine As it becomes more available for us Around the world British wine industry is experiencing a Rise like never before which regions are Most well known for producing chardonnay Well they’re using a lot of chardonnay For sparkling wine in the uk Um and that’s really been driving that There is obviously some still wine now Being produced and a lot more Consistency of still wine in the uk but I think it’s really the sparkling wine Um regions uh that are sparkling wine Industry in the uk that is driving um This rise of chardonnay so that’s really Exciting to see There’s a lot of investment in sparkling Wine production so i expect we’ll see a Lot more of that come through

And uh another question about chad Knight in australia is there a Chardonnay in places like the barossa Valley or mclarenville yes there is and In fact if you’re sitting in other Markets other than australia you might See some of our bigger company Production wines uh coming out of Mclaren vale or barossa valley um both Of those regions barossa in particular Is quite warm and so the quality of Chardonnay In that region can be Sometimes difficult in a hot year Where chardonnay grows better is Actually in the eden valley which sits Just above the barossa valley as much Higher up Much better at retaining acidity And so a lot of the [Music] Companies around australia are looking Much more closely at eden valley fruit For producing chardonnay rather than the Valley floor fruit which Just perhaps doesn’t always have the Right acidity A question from nick belinsky is the Effect of artificial acidification new World expressions often discernible to You Good question nick um I not always to me i would say um i am Not a maker so perhaps my

Training is not the same as many Australian wine makers Where they are able to perhaps discern Artificial Acid adjustment But i think what you do see is a Balanced question so anytime you acidify If you don’t do it really really well You can get a slight imbalance in one Direction or another and that’s where it Might suggest okay perhaps this has been Acidified but there’s some beautiful Wines that have been adjusted in the Winery where You know i don’t think i even highly Highly experienced winemakers would be Able to tell that those wines had been Acidified per se I think that’s it for all the questions Anything else I missed any If not I think i’ve got to oh there’s another Question from paul just to be clear most Of california australian bone Chardonnays are mostly oaky and creamy But shably machine western australia Mostly i know crisp minerals no not Quite actually Just to um clarify that up Actually you can find oat examples of Chardonnay wine Even in places like chablis like grand Cruz do will have often a small

Percentage of oak and the macboone can Have as well a small percentage and the Wines of margaret river in particular Often are quite oaked so you see uno de Note styles around the world in most Winemaking regions Winemaking regimes will just very much Depend on the producer Yes um andrea thank you so much for this Wonderful Presentation today we really appreciate Your time And we hope to have you back For those who have joined across the World We really appreciate you and if you’re Interested in any of our other events Hub webinars just go to our website And click on our events page and Everything is listed for our upcoming Events this recording will be posted on Our youtube channel so you’ll be able to Have access to the powerpoint and Recording and thanks again um andrea This is this is absolutely fabulous and A great way to celebrate um World chartered in a day Thanks so much kimberly it’s been a real Pleasure talking to everyone i hope um You all wherever you are in the world Raise a glass of chardonnay uh this Evening and celebrate chardonnay day and I hope to see you at another webinar

Very soon Very good cheers Cheers bye