How are traditional method sparkling wines made?

Foreign [Music] [Music] ER an international wine Communicator Educator and television presenter Sparkling wines are enjoyed all around The world that sound of a popping cork Is a well-known signal that there's Something to celebrate The most famous sparkling wine is of Course champagne there are many others That are made in the same way using a Process known as the traditional method This process starts with a dry base wine With no bubbles typically this is a Mixture of several different wines Blended together to create the perfect Balance of flavor and refreshing acidity To make the wine bubbly this base wine Is put into bottles along with a small Amount of yeast and sugar the bottle is Tightly sealed with a cap and stacked in A cool Cellar within the bottle the Yeast ferments the sugar and in doing so Creates a little more alcohol but Crucially some carbon dioxide gas CO2 as The bottle is sealed tight there's Nowhere for the CO2 to go it dissolves Within the wine forming Bubbles and Resulting in that famous Sparkle You'll notice that champagne bottles are Incredibly thick and strong the glass Needs to withstand the very high Pressure that builds up due to the

Dissolved CO2 Traditional method sparkling wines are Left to rest for at least nine months During this time the yeast that was Placed in a bottle imparts wonderful Flavors of pastry and biscuits Biscuit the longer the wine rests in Contact with the yeast the more Exaggerated these flavors become this Aging process is so important that Champagne and Carver houses have vast Cellars made especially for this purpose At some point before the wine is solved That yeast needs to be removed from the Bottle Process sometimes known as discouraging Is rather clever the bottles are Gradually turned from horizontal to Vertical either by hand or by machine so That yeast slides gently into the neck The neck is frozen to form an ice plug Encasing the yeast The cap is removed the pressure of the CO2 expels the plug from the bottle Leaving the wine clear and bright Though most sparkling wines taste dry Some have a touch of sweetness the Gap Left in the bottle will be topped up With a little wine which may also Contain some sugar the more sugar added At this point the sweeter the wine will Be Finally the bottle is resealed for thick Cork and a wire cage for extra security

The next time this bottle is opened you Know someone's about to toast to Something very special Cheers to that We hope you enjoyed this three minute Wine School visit to Find out more about taking a wsct course