Variety in focus: Grenache/Garnacha with Lucy Stevenson DipWSET

Okay hello good evening everyone and Welcome to the next in our series of Webinars I’m Julia from WCT school London and just really here to help out This evening and while we have a new Topic a new presenter for you so this Evening we’re looking at variety in Focus at chess slash Greenwich hopefully You’ve been able to join some of our Previous webinars you’ll know that these Different styles of wine and other Drinks and all of which are available And recorded on our website now if There’s any that you’ve missed I’m going To cross over to Lucy now so I’ll excuse Myself but my name is Lucy Stevenson I Am have a kind of dual role 90% Marketing manager and and I kind of span When I when I’m teaching in the school From complete beginner level tastings so People’s first taste of anything at the School through to the the diploma [Music] Specialize in fortified wines modules What I’m teaching most the time so yeah We were kind of been doing these these Webinars for some time now we’ve done a Few of the other varieties in focus some Of my favorite grape varieties already Been covered and I was able to kind of Choose it a great verse for this this Session and there’s a few reasons I Chose Grenache one of those reasons for Me is that it does link those kind of

Special isms that I kind of have at School when I’m teaching so fortified Wines it’s really important taking French fortified wines and also st. so I’ll talk a little bit but the origins Of the guy Matt granite Great in just a moment but typically We’re kind of going to be considering This to be a Spanish great variety and Way back in a sort of previous and Previous Roll with WCT I spent some time writing Some of the materials for a little – Qualification which I think a few people In that in the chat said they were just Embarking upon now so a lot of that is Very heavily focused on the grape Varieties and so during that time I did Quite a lot research into all the Different grape varieties that are Covered under them – and there were Quite a lot of those and it really Struck me that Grenache or organ Asterism is kind of not really given the Status that I I think it should be I Think there’s a lot of really exciting Wines to come out of this grape variety So I find myself when I was kind of Going back into my old notes and doing Some extra research for this webinar and Kind of finding myself kind of making a Bit of a case for why this great needs To be celebrated a little bit more than Perhaps it has been and maybe focusing

On some of the regions later on in the Session who have really kind of helped With the pushing of Grenache as a Particularly important and top-quality Grape variety cool so can everyone see My slide number two that can move all Right so we’ll start off with some History origins synonyms so just a Little bit of a background on this grape Variety as I mentioned typically we’re Going to be going to be calling this This grape variety of Spanish grape Variety which has found itself in other Parts of the world now and that is the Typically held theory there has been a Little challenge on that from from some Italian researchers claiming to the Front and very early courses Sardinia And is a little bit difficult to be 100% Sure but the theory holds that there is There’s a lot of genetic diversity of The different varieties of Grenache or Ganancia in Spain typically we’re going To find a lot of that it’s considered to Be coming from the arrogant area the Previously that the kingdom of Aragon And you find all sorts of different Types of Grenache there’s and not only The Grenache nor gone that shit’s in so That we’re going to be focusing most of The session on but also the the other Grenache varieties in the moment I Mentioned there we’ve got gunatit inter As a synonym we’ve got a Grenache noir

Which we call it in And in southern yo it’s known as caramel And there are a number of other synonyms Around the world as well there’s a few At the kind of the most commonly used Ones I suppose so in terms of the other Grenache varieties the focus of the Session will be on on the black version Of the black grape variety Grenache but There have been a few kind of mutations Of this grape variety over its history So we have a white skinned version Gotcha Punk okay so I’ve got a blanket Or ganache block You’ve got Grenache curry / gonna go Natural rocker and you also have a hairy Vision of Grenache the hairy leaved Version which has basically so cool Because it has a little bit of a downy Fluff on the bottom of the leaves LaDonna falooda which is not it’s not as Widely grown but you find that in and They all they all really kind of do come Back to that sort of original black Grape right they’ll have a lot in common With it so the Grenache is very very Similar in terms of its texture and its Character to it to the Grenache noir it Will talk about how kind of full-bodied Its wines can be how rich how textures And that is certainly the case for Grenache Blanc as well when a screen has A beautiful perfume to it which one Doesn’t have quite so much but it can

When it’s when it’s made really well and Saludos its again it’s quite similar but It has maybe just a touch more acidity And sometimes a little bit more kind of More fruit as well but the focus of the Session will focus on Grenache noir Organizer tinted because that is widely Grown great variety and it was in fact The the widest growing grape variety at One point in history it’s now kind of Hovering around some 7 8 depending on The figures that you look at at the Moment so a lot of the the Grenache has Been called up over the years and Replaced with other grape varieties but Certainly we’re finding that a lot of The top quality wines from the from the Various of Marita’s we’re going to be Talking about are those Where the vine is survived and some of The vines that were talking about are Going to be really really old vines that Produce tiny quantities of really Concentrated really outstanding Grenache Fruit alright so in terms of the Characteristics of gunatit inter we’ll Talk about the vine first and then we’ll Talk about about the wine the vine and The wine so there the vine itself is a It’s it’s quite late ripening grape Variety which means that it’s they’re Sort of one of the last in in the sort Of vineyards surroundings it’s one of The last of the grape varieties to write

Than it needs a large amount of sunshine And use a large amount of warmth in Order to get fully bright and it does Need to achieve full ripeness before it Starts to really display its proper Characteristics it’s therefore you’re Not going to find it in anywhere that’s A cool or or a moderate climate Typically were talking about warm and Even hot climates which does limit the Amount places that it can be grown but Also makes it quite suitable grape Variety for it we have here was a Warming climate and harvests further Great varieties getting dangerously Early and this one does kind of because Of its labor I think nature it kind of It needs a bit more time to write them It’s also really drought tolerant which Means that it can withstand shortages in Water doesn’t need quite as much water Directly available as some of the other Grape varieties that might be time for Alongside its and it can be quite wind Tolerant as well especially when it’s Pruned in a certain way and you can see That in the in the picture that we have There which is sort of a bush fine That’s trained quite low to the ground Which kind of really helps and we’re Talking we’re going to talk about the Southern Rhone and longer roussillon Area and Provence Which in varying degrees suffer from the

Strength of the Mistral wind which can Come through and grapes slightly can Knock over some vines then up roots and Vines and in extreme cases and these Kind of Hardy Bush finds Grenache Bush vines trained On gobble egg or Bush lines can be quite Useful in wood standing that wind Can be quite a vigorous great variety Tends to like to grow upwards quite fast And produce quite a lot of vegetation as Well and that can be kept in check with The the pruning method that that’s used The training methods but also the soils As well and you find Grenache being Planted on some pretty pretty arid soils That don’t have a huge amount going on In terms of fertility it’s cool because It doesn’t it doesn’t need a huge mass So it you find Grenache being grown on Places where there’s only really the Only other kind of vegetation that can Grow is sort of maybe time lavender Things like that that again don’t need Lots of nutrients and lots and lots of Water and we’ve got some really really Long-lived vines around the world of Grenache As we do with Shiraz as well Sarah but One of the reasons for that is because It is very tolerant of some of the Diseases that other varieties might be More prone to so ask for example things That might that might affect the wood

Itself the hard permanent wood tends to Be fairly tolerant to those in Comparison may go some way to explaining Its longevity in the ground now the next Slide I’m going to talk about the grape Varieties characteristics I want you to Take it with a little of a pinch of salt Because I can explain I’m saying in a Most wines like this most wines like This but yields the amount of grapes That any one particular vine is Producing we really makes a massive Difference as to the style of Grenache That that you end up making you can make Something very light and fruity and a Fairly simple in flavor and not Basically textured or you can make some Things much more concentrated and much More intense layered structure to it as Well if the yields are very low which They typically come to be from some of These very old vines and particularly on Porous soils as well surf moves The wine so as a great variety it’s its Thinnest skin than some of the other Grape varieties that it’s planted with So it’s planting neighbors tend to be Other grown grape varieties of the Mediterranean grapes like stir are not There to karen.yeung which tends how Much thicker skins and the thickness of The skins is going to lend color and It’s going to learn tannin to the final Wine and with with Grenache Oh gotcha

We’ve got a relatively thin-skinned Grape again at lower yields and skins Tend to seem a little bit thicker and You can get a bit more color in tannin But on the balance that sort of high to Low Tana’s it tends to be on the softer And they don’t tend to get particularly High up in a few Extreme cases and the grapes themselves Are quite they can get quite large and They can get quite sugary as well so When you have sugary grapes at the start And you ferment that out to dryness if You get what they used to eat all those Sugars and turn them into the dry wine You’re gonna end up with a pretty high Alcohol wine it’s always been capable of Producing fairly high alcohol levels These days it’s quite common to see when Ash based wines that are 14.5 15 16 Maybe even kind of getting up a little Bit higher than that in some cases and They can be a real problem at the moment To try and stop that alcohol ink so out Of hand is one of the worst things when You’re talking about balance in a wine Can be a wine just tasting really hot Burning and having that heat to it and So you certainly need the intensity of The flavor the structure of the wine That the acids and the tannin as well to Try and to try and balance that out if You are gonna have a particularly high Level of alcohol in the wine and the

Alcohols going to add a sensation of Body as well there’s kind of smoothness On the palates that can put us in mind Of sugar but actually you know even a Dry wine you find this kind of textural Body sensation based wines they’re Typically quite low in acidity it Doesn’t tend to have huge amounts of Acidity by the time it’s fully ripe and There are examples where they take a Little bit earlier before the grape has Achieved its kind of full potential Ripeness that have a little bit more Acidity some of those wines are used for Making And some the rose’ wines that we’re Gonna talk about but on that scale it Tends to be on the on the lower end the Vicinity as well sort of moderate at Most medium at most but usually on the Lower end its primary fruitfully that’s Tend towards red freeze which is when You again when you compare them to other The grape varieties it’s plant alongside Like Sarah Moore Vera that’s quite Different there they tend to be a bit More about their kind of dark black Fruit so as the fruit probe of the gun That tends to be strawberries red plum Red cherry all this kind of nice fresh Fruits and it can be very very fresh but If this if they’re great to go Particularly almost into the state of Overrides they can get a little bit

Jammy as well which Joey sometime uses As a negative term when it comes to wine But sometimes as a time in a place for a Wine that just tastes like strawberry Jam when it can be quite delicious in Terms of the other kind of primary Characteristics of the wine it does Often this kind of little bit of a white Pepper note to it not like that kind of Really dark black pepper that you find In in sera something a little bit Lighter than that in some of the lower Yield wines with age it tends towards Oxidation quite quickly so this is a Great variety on its own that doesn’t Have some of those natural antioxidants It doesn’t have a lot of acidity doesn’t Have a huge amount of talent to help Protect it from oxygen so it can’t age Fairly quickly if you don’t blend it With other things we don’t protect it From oxygen during the winemaking that Can be a negative thing but it can also Be a great thing if you’re wanting to Make something that has this lovely kind Of caramel dried fruits and some saw This covered nuttiness that these wines Can have so you find that in some of the That oxidated the aged Vaughn do natural Of the row number roussillon area in Particular some of those very old we see On the mediums of this lovely caramel Dried nuts Character to them which is delicious but

To a lesser extent you can find it in Old shut enough to pass or clear out so Why making implements I’ve split this up A little bit into red wines rosy wines And fortified line Because there can be quite different Depending on the style of wine that You’re going to make what kind of Winemaking techniques that producer is Likely to use and even within the red Wine spectrum it can be quite massively Different depending on whether you’re Making it a light fruity early drinking Style or whether you’re intending to Make something that’s really in but Quite commonly depending on understand When you’re making you might once you’ve Harvested your grapes you may crush them Open and before the fermentation starts You might let them macerates The skins with the juice and this is Often used to promote like a really Vibrant fruitiness to get some extra Color as well into the wine as I say It’s not particularly thick skinned Grapes or sometimes it can give a little Of extra help on getting the color into The into the juice during the Fermentation temperatures massively vary Depending on the stars of wine that are Likely that are going to be produced Within the red wine range light and Fruity you can be produced but so can Something a little bit heavier in spicy

Temperatures and sometimes depending on The style again you might find that a Proportion of whole bunches of grapes or Berries are used in the fermentation if This is happening it’s often to promote Like a really vibrant fresh fruity Character and you probably know you may Have heard of carbonic maceration or Saudi carbonic maceration from studies Of a Beaujolais for example but it’s Very common practice to use some whole Bunches or whole berries in various of The fermentation especially if you’re Wanting vibrancy of fruit character so That might happen in terms of the winery Vessels typically the tendency is away From some brand new oak so even when You’re doing the fermentation and we’re Typically using stainless steel concrete Or large old oak vessels and it’s often A fairly protective fermentation in that What they don’t want is slo-moes of Oxygen going in during this stage or During the stages shortly after because As I say it’s fairly prone to two Observations Can it can lose some of its fresh fruit Flavors so usually it’s it’s fairly Protective line making happens I forgot To load some of these on on the wine Making one of the most important things To think about when you’re making a Grenache based wine is that it is very Commonly blankets and blending is very

Important when it comes to Grenache Based wines there are examples of a Hundred percent Grenache out there and There are some outstanding examples of a Hundred percent Grenache out there but It’s just very common to find that it’s Not the only great variety in a book Even though even a wine that says is a Hundred national culture if you maybe Check the textbook there may be a little A little bit of other grape varieties And there depending on the local rules For what has to has to happen so in Terms of blending the blending partners Tend to be grape varieties that can give A bit more color a bit more tannin a bit More acids to the wine because we’ve Would potentially ended up with a wine That’s pretty alcoholic quite Full-bodied but maybe doesn’t have quite As much acidity and as much tannic Structure as other wines might do so it May be very useful to blend in Serum or verge karen.yeung which are Grape varieties that have thicker skins And give more tannin and more acid and Some so not so much by where the times That beautiful acidity and really fresh Violet read through the saw so it’s a Very common blending partner with the The Rose a wines that Grenache produces I’ve got a little rose a wine just next To me right now which has a little bit Of Sarah a little bit of Savannah talk

About that in a moment When we come to the Provence slide but Yes we’ve with commonly finding blends Throughout all different places where Ganache is growing so winemaking flips In terms of rosy whites okay so this is What I’ve got in my class right now I’ve Chosen the Rose oh I could have been it There’s a lot of different Grenache Baselines out there that I’m very Passionate about the reason I’ve gone For Rose a tonight is because I was Actually supposed to be in Provence this Weekend I supposed to be there with my Mum at the moment one of the trips this Year that hasn’t hasn’t gone ahead which Is a shame but brought for my A little bit of Provence rosé later to Pretend to put ourselves into the Mindset of being an excellent for us and It’s not me he’s like hugely often that I drink Rose a wine but this is you know A really nice occasion to have some Holidays but also actually can be a Really food friendly wine can be drunk And there are various different styles Of roses that Grenache produces you can Get a very very lightly colored rose a If you just do what we call direct Pressing so very much like when you’re Making a white wine you just hey the Grape for the grapes you crush them and Pretty quickly you press the skins You’re separating the skins from the

Liquid sugary liquid inside and the act Of doing that in when it’s quite gentle Producers are quite delicate so if some Has called a blush color of the Rose I Would just a little hint of pink to it Which is in fact the method of Production that this particular wine Here has has been produced with which is A sort of pale orange pink color that we Have in the glass there so quite like Not the lightest of a scene but quite Light on the scale of roses and there Are some other roses particularly some Of those that famous in the Rhone and Those that were quite traditional in Navara in in in Spain as well where the Color is much darker and getting a Little bit closer to being more like a Light I like red wine and so usually When this is happening it’s maceration On the skins so before the pressing Happens you’ve got the skin spending Time in contact with the juice and the Period of time that the wine has spent With the liquid is spending in contact With the skins determines how dark a Final color gets so it might be might be A few hours it might be pushing up Against a couple of days if they weren’t A particularly deep color and that may Or may not extend into the fermentation Period sometimes the fermentation might Start stopped during that time before The pressing happens there’s sometimes

Very depress the liquid away from the Skins before the fermentation Usually that mean there are some more Traditional stars of Rosa being made Where where oak is used quite often and Also at the moment we’ve got stainless Steel or concrete some inert vessels Being used quite a lot again with Rose a Wines it’s quite often it’s about the Fruit so that really bright vibrant Strawberry raspberry cranberry fruits That kind of thing and keeping the the Wine away from oxygen when it’s being Made and where it’s being stored before Bottling it is quite important to Preserve those characters as is during The fermentation keeping the temperature Not too hot so not necessarily really Really cold and but sort of in the mid Range usually wear a white wine to Promote fruity characteristics and again A lot of the rosy wines they’re blended Sara-san so are quite common learning Partners again adding some acidity and a Little bit of kind of flavor complexity That might be beneficial in there as Well the Grenache lending a little bit Of text with the body and also the Vibrant fresh fruit character finally on Our kind of winemaking options i want to Talk about fortified wines so i don’t Know how in some of our wines you are Personally it’s very much a passion of Mine and it might not been the first

Thing that you thought would come up in A Grenache it made them but it’s it’s Certainly something that Grenache has The potential to do incredibly well is Fortified bottoms and I’m focusing this Particular slide on Gandhi not sure oh So the French southern French fortified Wine style but it’s by no means the only Fortified wines that produced around the World from national furniture you find Once in in Australia in California and South Africa using Grenache but probably The most famous part of the world that Uses Grenache in its blends or even as a Single varietal mine is is the Bondi Natural so these if you’ve not had the Pleasure of trying them they’re they’re Not as famous as port but they are in a Similar similar category You like ports try some of these as an Amazing stuff and very it’s not hugely Abundant certainly on export markets but It’s not beautiful price points attached To them as well recently finished a case Of in the wintertime and they’ve kept me Warm through the winter official and Into the spring and vonda not sure They’ve sweet fortified wines and soda Fortifying is actually is about Strengthening the wine and to strengthen Your adding alcohol so it’s a wine that Has had alcohol added to its so Different I supported by one the Fortification happens a different point

So in sherry for example the Fortification takes place at the end of The fermentation so once you have a dry Wine then you add alcohol to that and You end up with a dry fortified wine Whereas with bonded natural and with Courts for example and the fortification Takes place during the fermentation so What it does it actually helps the Fermentation because you’re adding high Strength spirit so you’re adding to the 95 to 96 percent and quite a neutral Neutral grape spirit that’s added and You’re basically killing the yeast by Adding that spirits so you’re bringing That alcohol level up above 15% and at That point the yeast can survival so Eventually I’ll end the fermentation There you’re strengthening the wine While doing so and you end up with a Wine that is sweet and that has an Elevated level about 15 to 18 percent It’s quite common for the Grenache based One so it’s normal something like 16 to 8 the 15 and will for the white musk the Most and you have a range of a range of Styles we produce public probably even More different types of styles than you Might find in court or a similar amount There’s an aged or youthful styles which Are really all about fresh fruits so you Get blackberries raspberries plums that Kind of thing you get sometimes a jammy Character and yours have oxidatively

Aged wine so wine is where you’ve not Tried to protect the wine at all from Oxygen during its aging in fact you’ve Exposed it oxygen deliberately so these Are deliberately oxidatively aged wines So This might happen by placing the wine in An oak barrel and letting the oxygen Coming through the oak barrel and that Can oxidize the wine you its old oak That you use rather than you this it’s Not about the new French oak flavors or American oak flavors it’s about just the Oxidation as you can see in this photo Here and we’ve got a sort of Rose of What we call bonbons or bumble in the in Front of demijohns essentially they’re Big glass jars which can be used by some Producers to oxidatively age their wines So no I did need of oxygen sucking these Mines you’ve also got some thyme and You’ve got heat as well the the results Have oxidative the aging the wine is That you just change the entire fruit Profile ends up being not about fresh Fruits it’s much more like dried fruits And caramel and some nutty medicines and Coffee and all these what we call Tertiary characteristics you sometimes Hear people describe them as meringue Co So there’s kind of really strong kind of Character of nuttiness even sometimes Like a slight wouldna garnish Characteristic which isn’t necessarily a

Nice marketing term but it is something That you find very extremely oxidative The age Cool so that’s the kind of the base Their sort of overview of the great Variety itself I suppose and so now I Just wanted to kind of touch on some Other places and only a really small Portion of the place is really just due To time that have made Grenache one of Their key grapes so we know yeah some Map here around the world I wish I could Just go into all the different places Around the world there was a few people Popping up from some of the places that I wanted to include in this in this Webinar but haven’t had the time in this Particular one to focus on but we do Have wonderful producers making wines From Grenache in in the US and California and Washington wonderful Wines school in terms of lots of dinners I mentioned earlier as well where it’s Known as caramel I’m gonna focus for for The first period of this on France this Is just exactly why we start in France Think around the world but actually Really here we should probably starting In Spain and then we will we will get to Spain and we will then go to Australia In particular so Grenache noir in the Southern room and so this is the as You’re kind of going from north down to South in in france and that is often the

Way that sort of the French – taught Your can kind of go from north down to South it’s so it takes a little while For you to come across Grenache as a Grape variety when you’re kind of doing Things that way because that actually is Only in the very south and of the Country where the climate becomes warm Not just moderate and that we find on Ash coming into this and it becomes Incredibly important when you get to This isn’t right so not in a northern Moment northern Rhone tends towards a More moderate climate higher Continentality And Sarah is there is the black great Variety up there and then you kind of Move about sort of See kilometers a little bit more down to The southern Rome and that’s where the Valley flattens out a lot more and you Get a lot more of the Mediterranean Influence coming from the Mediterranean Ocean which is not too far away from This so the Mediterranean climate warmed Sunny and perfect for opening Grenache You do have the Mistral wind as I says Which can be you know really quite Intense and very much in this area but The Mistral is you kind of think you’re Going to happen or something like that It’ll be a beautiful sunny still day but When the wind comes through it so There’s low trained Bush times can be

Really helpful it’s generally a bit Flatter here than we find in the Northern but Pisa there is a range do Have the for example transmitted apart Which is relatively flat as opposed to When you kind of go up more towards the The ASCS person among the East’s those Those areas and the trees a little bit More mixed they’re kind of getting from Higher-up sheet yards bad team so here Grenache is really important across the Quality’s battery so everything from the The most basic could roam and coats room I’m a massive fan of co2 and the last Pretty much my go-to every time I just Want like a relatively easy drinking you Can also get really shocked by the Quality of some of the co2 and village And particularly ones that have a Village name appended to the end there’s Some really wonderful not necessarily Wines that are built to age for really Long periods of time so these are ones Where you might find a Porsche the whole Bunches excellent vibrancy of the fruits And and you know not to talk not to Panic not to a specific and not wine is Where you need to have a really salty Piece of meat or salty stools like Alongside them that can be really lovely Wines to have on their own and I sort of Julia’s casings of the questions for the End but I did spot a question about Their lifestyles and potentially being

Chilled in some cases and yeah there are Many of your crew wines so there’s some Of those very very famous Appalachians Particularly famous of department Actually has left some of the other C’s In this area a bit in its shadow because Of how things is that the wine styles The wide shaft that depart can also be Found in a few of the other Appalachians Beautiful and they’re tending towards When they’re making the red wines are Coming towards these bigger full body Styles that do potentially have a bit More age potential to them and certainly The top quality wines of all these Regions can age beautifully and they can Get a wonderful about caramel nutty and Drive through carrots beautiful Spiciness the textures of these wines is Just really outstanding and really Delightful combate reason we also have Rose they wanted to be produced in quite A few of the different Appalachians are Allowed to produce rose a white Samar Samar one that has a particular focus on It is tubba so it’s about which you can See over on the on the western bank They’re traditionally kind of known for Making a richer deeper style of Rose oh And if you’re going to try to think of a Style of rose they around the world that Can age there’s not many of them but Some of the and gallery flavors they got To there has been a trend

More recently probably influenced by the Popularity of Provencal Rose a and that You can still find some of those Traditional styles to issue and let me Have the van do much around here is the Rosco in particular and is very famous For its it’s very much Just want to take a closer look in Before we leave the southern rhone Access and after that as I say it has Kind of it has kind of held the Limelight of the southern Rome for for a Long time now and still is it’s one of Those names is one of those lines that Long before we even started drinking Wine I think I’ve been known in that Name Chatham had perhaps somehow its Kind of got in by osmosis somehow and It’s very distinctive on a supermarket Shelf you got the embossed bottle that You find quite a lot and it’s famous for A few reasons one is that kind of quite A seated name which translates as the Pope’s Newcastle essentially so which Harks back to the time whether the papal Court Relocated to Avignon the 14th century And there was a summer residence Essentially there which was the Pope’s New castle It’s a bit of history with that but in Terms of wine history for sure it holds A special place you may or may not be Familiar with the a palacio barolo

System that we have in France and you Find it echoed across a lot of other European wine regions the shuffle of the Pub play a massive role in establishing Was very kind of instrumental in setting Up a prototype and kind of delimiting an Area and saying ok button if the puppet Has to come and kind of rumor has it That he put into place the delimited Area by how I read the land was and how Kind of poor the land was so only where You found love and ER and time going and Nothing else was the right place to be To be growing The Grapes fishermen Depart There were also a whole lot of other Rules that were that were brought into They were brought into place officially In the 1930s and the list of grape Varieties that’s permitted here is Pretty extensive in comparison to some Of the other great for some of the other Wine regions that we know in France Burgundy is looking single for are some Wines 18 it’s a clear teen really but then There with the color variants on those As well kind of build it up to 218 Different grape varieties that are Committed in the in the wines so that’s A lot of choice that the winemaker has Some winemakers will take advantage of a Lot of those different grape varieties And and you the different elements they

Can bring together and some some Producers just like to focus on Grenache As a Chateau Reyes I ask for example is One that it’s just using Grenache and it Is permitted to do single varietal wine So it’s not permitted in all parts of The road all done in the south So yeah and then back in the day when They were drawing up these these Regulations they put into place a Stipulation that the wine has to be a Minimum of 12.5 percent alcohol without Any authorization or that was Potentially quite difficult at the time And that was the certainly the kind of The highest minimum alcohol level in in France but it is not hard today to get a Wine to 12.5% especially but normally When you’re looking at Chesson at the Park we’ve got a 14.5 percent alcohol Wine as a minimum and they can go up Beyond that so yeah typically we’re Looking at big full-bodied rich wines Here so yeah as I say somewhat some Producers are using single varietal here And some of them are taking more Advantage of some of the other grape Varieties more verge of it in particular Can be a really wonderful one to add in To the blend it is beautifully it gets This really lovely meaty savoriness that Helps the wine to aged in a really nice Way as well so yeah different producers Doing different things I’m gonna be look

At chef Mehta Pro whenever your thoughts About shopping at the park you’re taught About what we can see in this picture Here you’re talked about these galas or Pudding stones as we kind of angle size It to this big round stones essentially Because one in the office I’d like to Use as a prop usually when I’m teaching But I don’t have one here so that you Can see them in the picture and they Retain heat very very well that they Conduct heat who they’re basically stall Heat that is you know coming from the Sunshine during the day and that then Allows the vine to carry on ripening Great when it was hard to get ones to 12.5 percent not necessarily so Important now when it’s actually a Struggle to keep them under sixty Percent so it’s very famous for these For these galas and they are found in Quite quite a lot of the most famous Thing else but there’s actually a lot More soil diversity than that There’s also limestone clay sandstone Sound and typically it’s thought that if The grapevine is growing on more sandy Soils there tends to be a little bit More lightness or other more freshness To the so yeah it’s it’s a very varied First really it’s a it’s quite big it’s Got lots of different types of soils and You can use 13 8/18 different grape Varieties in the blend which naturally

Means that there’s a lot of variety of Quality as well so there are wonderful Simon favorite wines that I taste it had Been she doesn’t have to but also some Wines which just have in my opinion a Bit too much alcohol and not enough Fruits amount of structure to balance Them so it’s it’s a really difficult Thing to keep those alcohol levels on The cheque and certainly the top quality Producers are the ones who are who are Managing that best alright they’re going A little bit further down now we’re Going down to Long John risky on which I Could spend more time on this area and An area that I absolutely outstanding Wines complete surprises to me a lot of The the most surprising wonderful wines That I’ve tried certainly when I was Doing my diversity studies my deployment Were coming from the area which you know Is known for producing IDP paid-up and There’s some wonderful wines within that For sure That’s when you’re making IPAs a lot More flexibility on the gray process That you’re allowed to use so you don’t Just have to use those Grenache Syrah Version you can use some of the other Grape varieties as well that’s not the Only reason why you might choose to make Pay the lines instead of the AOC wines But it could be one of them generally Whatever the style of winery you’re

Making or whatever you’re labeling it You’re using grape varieties that that Can deal with the climate here because Again like the southern room it’s it’s When it’s warm it’s windy and the yields Can be pretty low here actually they can Be quite low just due to the fact that There’s not that much rain there’s not a Train for there can’t be huge amounts of Greatest being produced necessarily and The AOC Redlands The regulations around those almost Always it with very few exceptions Include Grenache and it’s a greater or Lesser extent Grenache it’s going to be In the plans of those wines in the Blonde burdock is a very broad statement You find it’s Sarah You find Sarah and caring young down Here as well whereas in the in Russia on Its some more it’s a more I guess Imported grape variety in terms of in Russia on as well London natural are Really really wonderful I spotted the Word Mari and all the different styles So from really fresh and fruity and Straw resented through so much more Caramelized so yes we’ve got a huge Variety of different styles of wine Being to do two different quality levels And there are definitely some very Ambitious wineries seeking to prove that The Longboat Russia Lawrence can be Outstanding they absolutely can there’s

Obviously no doubt about it we just need To really to see more about them and Hear a bit more about more we’ve got It’s another bonding that well it’s its Most famous for producing body natural So it’s a sweet fortified just moving Over to Provence to indulge myself Pretending that I’m in Provence is oh I’m going to stop and just take a little Bit of a sip of my of my rosy wine which Is any lukewarm just to refresh my Palate here and to put myself in mind up Being in Provence this is just a Stunning part of the world it’s Beautiful you know they’re very good Reasons where there’s a lot of tourism Here and the climate here lenders are Very nicely towards organic Great going okay wine making so there’s A lot of organic than yards here and a Very heavy proportion of the ASC wines As is privacy and they’re really really Popular once they have maintained their Popularity for quite some time too Typically we’re talking about the Lighter end of the spectrum dry not Really really dark in terms of its color Usually on the paler side and this one Certainly is is dry it’s got refreshing Acidity not really super high this is Agri another Sun so in there as well I Can show you the bottle I’ve got here There was many many wonderful producers This one’s fairly easy to get hold of in

The UK which is a Mirabeau and Mirabeau Province actually made by a English Couple in France but very lovely and Really really wonderful whites that’s Tried a food festival in London few Years ago now and it’s a good and there Are you know there’s some really Exciting producers here there’s a lot of Rose a wine and which commands extreme Prices considering that you know if you Were to make an ID you could make an Argument for these think quite simple What is that fairly easy to make not Necessarily going to be using you can be Using brand new oak gonna be using brand New it when you’re making these wines so They’re relatively simple ones that Beautiful lovely refreshing and Definitely something I’m very happy to Be drinking right now but some of the Price points because some of the very Very yes of these some of these iconic Brands can it can be just quite Interesting as it is demand for it there Are two beers and so yeah we’ve got some Some famous local celebrity buy-ins that Maybe have contributed to the Stylishness both of these ones earn and Yes we’ve got some Iruvar for example Which is the jolie Product indeed we’ve got All right so leaving the South of France We’re going down into over the Pyrenees And into Spain so as I said this is a

Spanish grape variety really it is and It’s believed to originate in the Kingdom of Aragon which kind of extends Down from the Pyrenees and in on this Particular map that you can see here if You can see where colour tell you and Karianna are there you’ve also got Comfortable around there as well this is You know this kind of heartland of the Kingdom it’s their tagline Oregon Actually I should say apologies for that We’ve got some really wonderful old Vines being produced here and wines Being produced from those vines too and All the different types of odd garniture Are grown here and so we’ve got yeah They’re going out of tune so it is Important it’s an important way of Writing a lot of the different parts of Spain but nowhere near as much as a lot Of lines pull up and replace with Tempranillo it does tend to be you know One of the reasons for replacing with Tempranillo it can produce pretty good Yields first up and those yields can Still have that commitment maybe a Little more time the acids but also when Irrigation didn’t used to be permitted And now it is very controlled it didn’t It became you know it was previously Going that she was very useful because There’s not a huge amount of rainfall Inside so before irrigation was Permitted it was very useful to have

Garnacha which is that drought tolerant Grape variety and Tempranillo so with The care for the relation it’s it’s Becomes less of a priority to have gone Action but a real shame that quite a lot Of wonderful vineyards were pulled up And but it has been a refocusing on Gotcha Particularly there’s very old vines that Do still exist and producing someone So we find it in as part of the Glendon Ryoka particularly produced as a great Variety produced in the Orient are the Eastern side closer to the Mediterranean In Umbria adding body to the bones again There’s some sing of rehearsal stuff That’s really really wonderful but the Majority of quite a lot of the Traditional styles of Africa are using Tempranillo as the main way for us and It’s there in the vara as well we’ve Found it in and mentioned by the begin Minutes it’s quite navarro used to be Quite well known for its traditional Deeper colors which are styles there’s Still some of those produce there’s also Some wonderful red wines they’re using Gotcha But yeah we’ve also got some International grape varieties there and So yeah that kind of the revival being Led by some of those older vines and all These all these places I’m actually now Do have a proportion of old wines

Producing we have just one slide I want To go into a little bit more detail Because I know the focus just for a Second I’m tree rats so gonna jump over You’re at which is in Catalonia and Because this is arguably the region in Spain where it has maybe done the most For the reputation of Grenache as a Organiser here as a really premium Quality grape variety with the potential To make outstanding minds that can can Rival anything else elsewhere and so It’s a really important great variety Here alongside Karen Jana and the two Blended together which they’re quite Commonly are produce a wine that is very Different from what you might say about The baby in their most Gotcha based wines you’re talking about Very deeply colored wine with high Tannins high acidity and lots of must Body so body we know we said whether Other Grenache baselines as well but Height an entire acidity and deeply Colored that’s not necessarily where You’re going to find in some other go Natural base points but here there’s a Few things contributing to that extra Intensity we’ve got the justly very very Very low yield Produces if the Divine’s not producing a Lot of grapes at all so up those lower Yields everything kind of gets dialed up Although in structure and the intensity

Of the wine gets dialed up as well and And also the blending with caring and Candid caring young can be you know a Great one to blend with a great variety Like go not sure because of its because Of its acidity and its color and its Terms these are big wines they are big Wines that are intended for the most Part to age and they can age amazingly Well they can last for in some cases Decades before they start to reach a Really kind of perfect peak point it Wasn’t always the case that that period Was considered to be it one of the most Famous Spanish regions for quite a long Time it was considered to be another too Difficult to get to it was late eighties 1990s where the reputation started to Pick up again and it was old wine Karen.yeung which they’d come across There essentially and then invested and While there are other grape varieties Permitted in Korea as well it’s it’s Those two grape varieties but the kind Of that are still considered to be the Most the most important one of the key Features of the of the region is its Slate soil my Spanish pronunciation is Not going to be amazing here but the II Korea soil which is slate essentially And it’s so kind of you get these rocks Just out of the ground and they shine in The Sun they have these little quartzite Specks in the soil as well which reflect

The sunlight very nicely and and help With the right timing of these grapes It’s a it’s a pretty rugged terrain it’s There’s a lot you know there’s some very Very steep slopes that you can find here And you can see in the picture here this Is a terracing system that you might Find here and and yeah that makes him Pretty difficult to mechanize i mean a Lot of the gonna share vines i’ve been Talking about are going to be hand Harvested just by the nature of the bush Point and that we find them planted them It’s not easy to get a cracker through There to harvest about 1/10 of the vines But yeah particularly steepness of these Slopes here it can be pretty extensive As well and these are expensive wines For the most part you can get some Wonderful wonderful deals but they are Considered to be among Spain’s most Premium most long-lived wines and I Think yeah they are kind of really Driving the reputation of Gottschee Worldwide is that’s I think quite a lot Of the rest of the world takes influence From the best wines of Priora the best Points of shuffle nectar Parton and Vases their quality focus around so Grenache Noir in Australia so we’re just Gonna focus for the last few minutes to Find hopefully where everyone on Australia so we’re leaving Europe which Have against some when I say old you

Know we’ve been talking about old vines Before at least sort of 50 to 60 years In some cases here we’re talking about Minds that can be a hundred doing a Webinar on the 30th of June specifically On the old vines so I’m sure we’ll go Into much more detail about how these How these vines came to be here but just To kind of go a little bit of an Overview of Grenache in Australia Imported in 1832 it’s thought to be Bowed by James Busby who did a fantastic Tour of France and Spain and they kind Of keep great varieties and imported Them over to Australia because into the Father of Australian wines for that Reason and a few others and some of the Oldest Grenache vines in the world are Here and that is owed in no small part To the fact that South Australia has so Far resisted forelock syrup so that Loves that so that means that a lot of These vines didn’t have to be pulled up And replant it and they are a lot of Them based on their original route Stocks so they’ve got really really deep Root systems here they go way down into The soil Tiny quantities of winding produce the Relationship between the age of the vine And the yields is it’s hard it’s hard to Deny typically we’ve got a smaller Amounts of grapes were smaller which has Been produced from older vines and that

Tends to be more intense and more Complex it was a really really important Grape variety in Australia for a long Time particularly when the focus of Australian one was on four to five Points so it was a very very welcomed Break for that it adapted very well Scarce trading climate loves the Mediterranean style climate and adapts As well so it was used liberally in the Fortified lines but when in the 70s the Trends had to be away from fortified Wines and Mosul was dry one production Grow now his reputation dipped it was Considered a workhorse quake it wasn’t Considered to be one of the ones worth Really concentrating your efforts on and Make a big deal about and the reverse so I suppose that reputation has only come Quite recently and I think one of the Pioneers who deserves a bit of a shout Out here would be Charles Melton I don’t Know if anyone’s had the pleasure of Trying charles manson’s knowing popes Which is a really wonderful what they Call gsm lands so GSM being Grenache Shiraz mataró matara is so that’s a Blend it’s a brown blend essentially It’s what we’re talking about in in a Living room and and I’m really putting Grenache at the forefront of that and Making it a really important part of the Poem it’s not just a kind of little bit To bump out the bore the body of the

Other great varieties of making it a Really common part and age is just Wonderfully I think this 9 Pope’s is a Is the A wine style definite describe you want To have a taste of Grenache dominated wine from from the Produced by a producer who’s really Passionate about this and he’s not other Tells Muslim is not alone in this there Are a lot of other great firm producers Who are actually there’s been a little Bit of a trend recently towards Producing a lighter less heavy less Full-bodied style of Grenache that’s a Little bit earlier drinking potentially In style as well so some really exciting Stuff I think still to come a mustard I Think it’s gathering momentum there’s Been some great kind of marketing There’s various different kinds of Things that have come out of Australia Recently that have been kind of putting Grenache back on their back on the Agenda so yeah I think we’re pretty much At the end then it’s gonna take one Final slide if you’ll indulge me just a Few more moments I’m just my my case I Suppose for foreign national gotcha this Great variety that you know is available In so many different styles is something For there’s something here I do think For every wine lover there are a range Of styles from from light dry roses that

The one I’m drinking here which is Incredibly refreshing and just something That’s perfect for a warm day and lends Itself in my opinion really well so I’m Thinking about food and then you’ve got The really big full-bodied red wines and You’ve also got sweet fortified Amazingly well with desserts and cheeses And things like that so before price Points as well occasions and a drought And heat hardy grape variety which is Going to be really important we need we Need those grape varieties as we you Know have to have to deal with the other Ink you know ever warming climate and And when you know green ash has done Well when it’s really kind of Concentrated on a can be of fantastic Grape variety and it also offers a bit Of a softer structure than other grape Varieties you’re thinking you know the Popularity of Cabernet Sauvignon and Sarah some of those are the grape Varieties that you find very commonly Though they tend to be very tannic and Very Silicon youth and maybe need some time You smoke this is a great variety that Maybe is giving you a more delicate Profile a little bit more approachable In its youth some of those bars I’ve Talked about to happening in some time But quite a lot of them can be a little Bit more approachable than their younger

And a really broad range of different Foods that you can have this great Variety and quite importantly no food at All is not necessarily a great variety Where you need to have a really salty Piece of something to soften it to make It part of all its lovely eyes All right that’s sort of the end of mine My case for Grenache I think there have Been a few questions there but I’ll just End on our final slide I’ll just you Know if you want to learn more about About wine he wants to know more about About Grenache I’m not sure by all means Julian’s for a course I know a lot even Come in these webinars were so thankful Thank you very much you’ve been the Great company during this these Difficult times right that was fantastic And go have a quick sip of your Jose There you must be thirsty by now that Was I’m certainly converted to finish For now I’m sure me it will be but yeah Awesome thank you so much thank you